Every year about 60,000 people in the UK develop skin cancer. It is usually caused by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light that makes the cell division cycle in your skin malfunction. As a result, your skin cells begin to grow rapidly, out of reach, leading to the formation of a cancerous tumor that usually appears on your skin as a blemish. Luckily, if detected in the early stages, most of those cancers are very treatable. In this article I will address three of the possible treatments for skin cancer that are open to you.Have a look at Las Vegas Skin & Cancer South Rancho for more info on this.
1) SURGERY:-Surgery for this form of cancer is the most common. Under local anaesthetics, smaller tumors may usually be removed. Larger tumors, however, may include a skin graft that involves removing the cancerous skin and replacing it with a layer of healthy skin from another part of the body. If the cancer has spread beyond the skin and by surgery to the lymph nodes (glands that help the body get rid of unnecessary bacteria) they will also need to be removed. This type of treatment has few side effects but may lead to some permanent skin scarring depending on the tumor’s size and position.
2) RADIOTHERAPY:-This type of treatment includes shrinking or destroying some cancer cells by using high-energy radiation beams. It is usually used as an alternative to surgery since it can treat cancer of the skin without scarring. Radiotherapy may also be used after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells and lower the chances of returning cancer. While radiotherapy does not result in scarring, there are a number of negative side effects in the affected area including a feeling of flu-like nausea, general tiredness and hair loss. Such side effects, however, are usually transient and will stop as soon as the treatment for radiotherapy finishes.
3) CRYOTHERAPY:-This type of treatment requires the freezing by liquid nitrogen of cancerous cells. It is most appropriate for early-stage skin cancers, and more advanced cancers may not require it. If this procedure is used the infected skin will scab over and this scab will fall off after around a month. Cryotherapy is a very low risk treatment but in the region of the skin that is handled there is a small risk of scarring or infection.
While skin cancer is one of the most common cancers in the UK it is highly treatable with especially high success rates if it is detected in the early stages. So if you find any odd blemishes of the skin that have been around for a while, go see your doctor right away. It may turn out to be nothing but if it is an early stage cancerous growth the chances of effective treatment will be much better if you get it diagnosed now rather than let it develop.